class Field

from rest_framework.fields import Field
Documentation Source code

Ancestors (MRO)

  1. Field

Attributes

  Defined in
_creation_counter = 2 Field
context = <django.utils.functional.cached_property object at 0x10c40e950> Field
default_empty_html = rest_framework.fields.empty Field
default_error_messages = {u'null': <django.utils.functional.__proxy__ object at 0x10c40e8d0>, u'required': <django.utils.functional.__proxy__ object at 0x10c40e890>} Field
default_validators = [] Field
initial = None Field
root = <django.utils.functional.cached_property object at 0x10c40e910> Field
validators = <property object at 0x10c410890> Field

Methods used but not implemented in this class

  • default
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Methods

def bind(self, field_name, parent): Field

        Initializes the field name and parent for the field instance.
        Called when a field is added to the parent serializer instance.
        
    def bind(self, field_name, parent):
        """
        Initializes the field name and parent for the field instance.
        Called when a field is added to the parent serializer instance.
        """

        # In order to enforce a consistent style, we error if a redundant
        # 'source' argument has been used. For example:
        # my_field = serializer.CharField(source='my_field')
        assert self.source != field_name, (
            "It is redundant to specify `source='%s'` on field '%s' in "
            "serializer '%s', because it is the same as the field name. "
            "Remove the `source` keyword argument." %
            (field_name, self.__class__.__name__, parent.__class__.__name__)
        )

        self.field_name = field_name
        self.parent = parent

        # `self.label` should default to being based on the field name.
        if self.label is None:
            self.label = field_name.replace('_', ' ').capitalize()

        # self.source should default to being the same as the field name.
        if self.source is None:
            self.source = field_name

        # self.source_attrs is a list of attributes that need to be looked up
        # when serializing the instance, or populating the validated data.
        if self.source == '*':
            self.source_attrs = []
        else:
            self.source_attrs = self.source.split('.')

def fail(self, key, **kwargs): Field

        A helper method that simply raises a validation error.
        
    def fail(self, key, **kwargs):
        """
        A helper method that simply raises a validation error.
        """
        try:
            msg = self.error_messages[key]
        except KeyError:
            class_name = self.__class__.__name__
            msg = MISSING_ERROR_MESSAGE.format(class_name=class_name, key=key)
            raise AssertionError(msg)
        message_string = msg.format(**kwargs)
        raise ValidationError(message_string)

def get_attribute(self, instance): Field

        Given the *outgoing* object instance, return the primitive value
        that should be used for this field.
        
    def get_attribute(self, instance):
        """
        Given the *outgoing* object instance, return the primitive value
        that should be used for this field.
        """
        try:
            return get_attribute(instance, self.source_attrs)
        except (KeyError, AttributeError) as exc:
            if not self.required and self.default is empty:
                raise SkipField()
            msg = (
                'Got {exc_type} when attempting to get a value for field '
                '`{field}` on serializer `{serializer}`.\nThe serializer '
                'field might be named incorrectly and not match '
                'any attribute or key on the `{instance}` instance.\n'
                'Original exception text was: {exc}.'.format(
                    exc_type=type(exc).__name__,
                    field=self.field_name,
                    serializer=self.parent.__class__.__name__,
                    instance=instance.__class__.__name__,
                    exc=exc
                )
            )
            raise type(exc)(msg)

def get_default(self): Field

        Return the default value to use when validating data if no input
        is provided for this field.

        If a default has not been set for this field then this will simply
        raise `SkipField`, indicating that no value should be set in the
        validated data for this field.
        
    def get_default(self):
        """
        Return the default value to use when validating data if no input
        is provided for this field.

        If a default has not been set for this field then this will simply
        raise `SkipField`, indicating that no value should be set in the
        validated data for this field.
        """
        if self.default is empty or getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
            # No default, or this is a partial update.
            raise SkipField()
        if callable(self.default):
            if hasattr(self.default, 'set_context'):
                self.default.set_context(self)
            return self.default()
        return self.default

def get_initial(self): Field

        Return a value to use when the field is being returned as a primitive
        value, without any object instance.
        
    def get_initial(self):
        """
        Return a value to use when the field is being returned as a primitive
        value, without any object instance.
        """
        if callable(self.initial):
            return self.initial()
        return self.initial

def get_validators(self): Field

    def get_validators(self):
        return self.default_validators[:]

def get_value(self, dictionary): Field

        Given the *incoming* primitive data, return the value for this field
        that should be validated and transformed to a native value.
        
    def get_value(self, dictionary):
        """
        Given the *incoming* primitive data, return the value for this field
        that should be validated and transformed to a native value.
        """
        if html.is_html_input(dictionary):
            # HTML forms will represent empty fields as '', and cannot
            # represent None or False values directly.
            if self.field_name not in dictionary:
                if getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
                    return empty
                return self.default_empty_html
            ret = dictionary[self.field_name]
            if ret == '' and self.allow_null:
                # If the field is blank, and null is a valid value then
                # determine if we should use null instead.
                return '' if getattr(self, 'allow_blank', False) else None
            elif ret == '' and not self.required:
                # If the field is blank, and emptiness is valid then
                # determine if we should use emptiness instead.
                return '' if getattr(self, 'allow_blank', False) else empty
            return ret
        return dictionary.get(self.field_name, empty)

def run_validation(self, data=rest_framework.fields.empty): Field

        Validate a simple representation and return the internal value.

        The provided data may be `empty` if no representation was included
        in the input.

        May raise `SkipField` if the field should not be included in the
        validated data.
        
    def run_validation(self, data=empty):
        """
        Validate a simple representation and return the internal value.

        The provided data may be `empty` if no representation was included
        in the input.

        May raise `SkipField` if the field should not be included in the
        validated data.
        """
        (is_empty_value, data) = self.validate_empty_values(data)
        if is_empty_value:
            return data
        value = self.to_internal_value(data)
        self.run_validators(value)
        return value

def run_validators(self, value): Field

        Test the given value against all the validators on the field,
        and either raise a `ValidationError` or simply return.
        
    def run_validators(self, value):
        """
        Test the given value against all the validators on the field,
        and either raise a `ValidationError` or simply return.
        """
        errors = []
        for validator in self.validators:
            if hasattr(validator, 'set_context'):
                validator.set_context(self)

            try:
                validator(value)
            except ValidationError as exc:
                # If the validation error contains a mapping of fields to
                # errors then simply raise it immediately rather than
                # attempting to accumulate a list of errors.
                if isinstance(exc.detail, dict):
                    raise
                errors.extend(exc.detail)
            except DjangoValidationError as exc:
                errors.extend(exc.messages)
        if errors:
            raise ValidationError(errors)

def to_internal_value(self, data): Field

        Transform the *incoming* primitive data into a native value.
        
    def to_internal_value(self, data):
        """
        Transform the *incoming* primitive data into a native value.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError(
            '{cls}.to_internal_value() must be implemented.'.format(
                cls=self.__class__.__name__
            )
        )

def to_representation(self, value): Field

        Transform the *outgoing* native value into primitive data.
        
    def to_representation(self, value):
        """
        Transform the *outgoing* native value into primitive data.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError(
            '{cls}.to_representation() must be implemented for field '
            '{field_name}. If you do not need to support write operations '
            'you probably want to subclass `ReadOnlyField` instead.'.format(
                cls=self.__class__.__name__,
                field_name=self.field_name,
            )
        )

def validate_empty_values(self, data): Field

        Validate empty values, and either:

        * Raise `ValidationError`, indicating invalid data.
        * Raise `SkipField`, indicating that the field should be ignored.
        * Return (True, data), indicating an empty value that should be
          returned without any further validation being applied.
        * Return (False, data), indicating a non-empty value, that should
          have validation applied as normal.
        
    def validate_empty_values(self, data):
        """
        Validate empty values, and either:

        * Raise `ValidationError`, indicating invalid data.
        * Raise `SkipField`, indicating that the field should be ignored.
        * Return (True, data), indicating an empty value that should be
          returned without any further validation being applied.
        * Return (False, data), indicating a non-empty value, that should
          have validation applied as normal.
        """
        if self.read_only:
            return (True, self.get_default())

        if data is empty:
            if getattr(self.root, 'partial', False):
                raise SkipField()
            if self.required:
                self.fail('required')
            return (True, self.get_default())

        if data is None:
            if not self.allow_null:
                self.fail('null')
            return (True, None)

        return (False, data)